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Children’s Eye Examination

Infants are usually examined shortly after birth by a paediatrician and are followed up at 6 month and 1 year for any serious conditions which would be treated by on ophthalmologist.

For pre-school children it is important to rule out any potential problems which may interrupt the development of eyesight during these early years, for example a ‘turn’ in the eye or an uncorrected visual error leading to poorer vision in one or both eyes. Pre-school children who do not yet read can be checked by the optometrist using pictures and shapes to assess how well they can see at distance and close up. An objective examination of their prescription can be made with a retinoscope. Their binocular function may be assessed by several methods. An ophthalmoscope is used to view the inside of the eye. The eye movements are measured at different distances. Children love the 3D test and the colour vision test which make the eye examination more fun. Pictures may be used to hold the child’s attention at a particular distance during the retinoscopy and ophthalmoscopy.

School going children should be tested for visual performance particularly if they complain of blurring, difficulty seeing the board, headaches. Or if they sit very close to TV, hold their books very close or close one eye to view distance or near objects. The older the child the more detailed the examination and the more finely tuned the results can be.

Visual stress from reading can be reduced by the use of coloured acetate sheets overlaid on print. This is a self driven test where the child decides which specific colour overlay helps to make the print more comfortable to view.